Signs & Symptoms

> Bipolar I Disorder
> Bipolar I Depressed
> Bipolar Mania
> Bipolar II Disorder
> Major Depressive Disorder
> Treatment Resistant Depression
> Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
> Treatment Resistant Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
> Borderline Personality Disorder
> Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
> Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

Bipolar I Disorder or manic depression, is a serious medical condition that causes swings in mood and energy, and affects your ability to function. People who have bipolar I disorder may experience periods of extreme highs or irritability (mania) and extreme lows (depression). Sometimes you may experience both symptoms within the same episode. These episodes usually last weeks or months at a time, with periods of normal mood in between. Bipolar I disorder usually requires lifelong treatment.

Bipolar I Depressed – Depression in bipolar disorder is a mood disorder characterized by mood swings from mania (exaggerated feeling of well being, energy, and confidence in which a person can lose touch with reality) to depression with the current or most recent episode of illness characterized by depression. The disorder usually appears between the ages of 25 and 35 and affects men and woman equally. The cause is unknown but hereditary and psychological factors may play a role.

Bipolar Mania – While everyone experiences changes in mood as part of everyday life, people who suffer from bipolar disorder have mood swings that may be so severe that they interfere with the ability to function normally at work, at school, and in relationships with family and friends. Some people may experience only a few mood swings, separated by long periods of normal mood, while others may have rapid and severe mood swings that occur frequently.

During the manic phase of the disorder, people may experience feelings of euphoria, extreme optimism, and inflated self-esteem. Other common symptoms include rapid speech, racing thoughts, irritability, difficulty concentrating, and increased energy or activity. During manic episodes, people may do things that they later feel were mistakes, such as: going on spending sprees, taking unnecessary risks, or rushing into big decisions.

Bipolar II Disorder, like Bipolar I Disorder, is a mental illness caused by a genetic chemical imbalance in the brain. It involves the alteration of Major Depressive Episodes and Hypo manic Episodes, with no occurrence of Manic or Mixed Episodes. Bipolar II Disorder is associated with an increased risk of suicide, and a significant disability in social and vocational functions. The typical depression symptoms of Bipolar II Disorder include persistently depressed mood, feelings of hopelessness, loss of concentration, changes in appetite, weight fluctuation, and the loss of pleasure in activities. Symptoms of a hypo manic individual include heightened energy, irritable or elevated mood, tendency to be more talkative, a decreased need for sleep, more social and sexual activity, and an increase in spending or work-related activities. Some Bipolar II individuals are first diagnosed with Cyclothymic Disorder. This mental illness is characterized by highs and lows that are somewhat muted counterparts of depression and mania. If the individual suffers from any Major Depressive Episode as a Cyclothymic, a diagnosis of Bipolar II Disorder is given. Bipolar II individuals have the tendency to do most of their creative work during Hypo manic Episodes, knowing that there is only so much time before they will “crash.” Bipolar II Disorder is treated much the same way as Bipolar I Disorder. Although there is no cure, most individuals can achieve significant stabilization.

Major Depressive Disorder – Major depression affects a person’s mood, thinking, body, and behavior in many ways. The mood in depression is nearly always sad, blue, or worried, although irritability is also common. Depression is commonly associated with loss of interest in usual activities and a lessend ability to experience pleasure.

Treatment Resistant Depression – Most patients treated for an episode of depression are treatment resistant in the sense that the majority do not achieve full remission with the first somatic or psychosocial treatment they receive.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) – GAD is characterized by excessive, unrealistic worry that lasts six months or more; in adults, the anxiety may focus on issues such as health, money, or career addition to chromic worry. GAD symptoms include trembling, muscular aches, insomnia, abdominal upsets, dizziness, and irritability.

Treatment Resistant Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) Some patients treated for anxiety disorder are treatment resistant in the sense that they do not respond with the first somatic or psychosocial treatment they receive.

Borderline Personality Disorder is a serious mental illness characterized by pervasive instability in moods, interpersonal relationships, self-image, and behavior. This instability often disrupts family and work life, long-term planning, and the individuals sense of self-identity. People with this disorder exhibit impulsive behaviors, such as excessive spending, binge eating, and risky sex.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can happen to anyone after a serious trauma. Some people show signs and symptoms of PTSD after they’ve been attacked, abused, or been in a car wreck. Others get it after the sudden death of a loved one. PTSD can also be caused by living through something like a fire, flood, or earthquake. The signs of PTSD may not appear right away. In some cases, they show up months or years later.

Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the name of a group of behaviors found in many children and adults. People with ADHD have trouble paying attention in school, at home or at work. They may be much more active and/or impulsive than what is usual for their age. These behaviors contribute to significant problems in relationships, learning and behavior. For this reason, children with ADHD are sometimes seen as being “difficult” or as having behavior problems.

Related Links:
nimh.nih.gov/nimhhome/index.cfm
aacap.org
clinicaltrials.com
bipolardisorder.com
depression.com
adultadd.com
addinschool.com
nedaa.org
clinicaltrials.gov
adaa.com

If you are having thoughts of suicide go to the nearest emergency room.

Related Links
sprc.org
psychcentral.com/helpme.htm
indianasuicidepreventioncoalition.org
suicidepreventionlifeline.org